Tuesday, July 31, 2012

step#13: compound words

there are many big words, that scare children. but when you look at them closely, they could be made up of two very simple words, which, individually, do not scare the children.

if children are taught to break a word into its two components, they find it easy to try big words, without fearing failure. they feel confident to attempt. however, not all big words are made up of two meaningful parts, but there are many. these words are called compound words.

the best way to introduce compound words is by using a picture puzzle in the beginning. the two sub-words and their pictures join to make the compound word that has its own picture. the concept is also well taught by using pictures of the two sub-words and asking the child to join them and think what word they make by joining together. then the picture and word can be shown to the child.

some of the compound words that can be easily taught to a preschooler child are:

·         butterfly
·         bookworm
·         cowboy
·         honeycomb
·         earthworm
·         flatworm
·         tapeworm
·         hookworm
·         tapeworm
·         lighthouse
·         football
·         sandalwood
·         rosewood
·         pinewood
·         ponytail
·         scarecrow
·         screwdriver
·         rainbow
·         sunflower
·         peacock
·         peahen
·         household
·         houseful
·         booklet
·         forefather
·         something
·         somehow
·         someday
·         underpass
·         overpass
·         overdo
·         overcharge
·         bypass
·         subtotal
·         cupboard
·         piglet
·         grandmother
·         grandfather
·         become
·         became
·         bedtime
·         bathroom
·         breakfast
·         fingernail
·         tablecloth
·         teaspoon
·         tablespoon
·         copycat
·         shopkeeper
·         seashell
·         background
·         buttermilk
·         starfish
·         bulldog
·         spacecraft
·         airfield
·         postman
·         footpath
·         headlight
·         weekend
·         handbag
·         hairpin
·         grandson
·         granddaughter
·         grapefruit
·         pineapple
·         haircut
·         handmade
·         workshop
·         waterfall
·         woodcutter
·         underground
·         volleyball
·         sunrise
·         sunset
·         telephone
·         blackboard
·         laptop
·         baseball
·         carpool
·         whirlpool
·         backpack
·         Goosebumps
·         footwear
·         eyebrow
·         earring 
·         forehead
·         crossroad
·         upside
·         lifetime
·         airport
·         airplane
·         peanut
·         password

when the child has fairly well understood the concept, he can be given many activities to practice it. for example, he can be given a compound word, and asked what are the two words that he can find in it. at next step, he can be given one sub word and invited to give another sub word so that the two of them may join to give a compound word. he may also be asked to give many compound words that have a particular sub word in it. for example, how many words he can think of with 'worm' in the end.

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